U.N. Doc. CCPR/C/81/D/999/2001


Communication No. 999/2001

7 July 2004


human rights committee

  81st Session  
  5-30 July 2004  

Friedrich Dichtl et. Al






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CHAIRPERSON: Mr. Abdelfattah Amor (Tunisia)

VICE-CHAIRPERSONS: Mr. Rafael Rivas Posada (Colombia), Sir Nigel Rodley (United Kingdom), Mr. Roman Wieruszewski (Poland)

RAPPORTEUR: Mr. Ivan Shearer (Australia)

MEMBERS: Mr. Nisuke Ando (Japan), Mr. Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati (India), Mr. Alfredo Castillero Hoyos (Panama), Ms. Christine Chanet (France), Mr. Franco Depasquale (Malta), Mr. Maurice Glele Ahanhanzo (Benin), Mr. Walter Kalin (Switzerland), Mr. Ahmed Tawfik Khalil (Egypt), Mr. Rajsoomer Lallah (Mauritius), Mr. Martin Scheinin (Finland), Mr. Hipolito Solari Yrigoyen (Argentina), Ms. Ruth Wedgwood (United States), Mr. Maxwell Yalden (Canada)

PermaLink: http://www.worldcourts.com/hrc/eng/decisions/2004.07.07_Dichtl_v_Austria.htm

Dichtl et. al v. Austria, Comm. 999/2001, U.N. Doc. A/59/40, Vol. II, at 462 (HRC 2004)

Alt. Style of Cause: Dichtl et. al v. Austria

Report of the Human Rights Committee, U.N. GAOR, 59th Sess., Supp. No. 40, U.N. Doc. A/59/40, Annex X, sect. J, at 462 (Oct. 1, 2004)

Represented By: Alexander H.E. Morawa

1. The authors of the communication are Mr. Friedrich Dichtl and five other Austrian citizens residing in Austria. [FN1] They claim to be victims of a violation by Austria of article 26 of the Covenant. The authors are represented by counsel. The Optional Protocol entered into force for Austria on 10 March 1988.

[FN1] Originally the communication was presented by twelve Austrian citizens. On 9 October 2001, six of them withdrew their case before the Committee in order to continue their petition the European Court of Human Rights.


2.1 The authors are retired employees of the Social Insurance Board in Salzburg (Salzburger Gebietskrankenkasse). Counsel states that they receive retirement benefits under the relevant schemes of the Regulations of Service for Employees of the Social Insurance Board (Dienstordnung A für die Angestellten bei den Sozialversicherungsträgern).

2.2 Until 31 December 1993 the retirement benefits were adjusted pursuant to section 87(3) of the Regulations according to new salary increases of active employees. On 1 January 1994 an amendment came into effect, linking the future adjustment of pensions to the annual multiplier valid for payments by the public pension fund. Some of the retired employees then initiated a lawsuit against the amendment, which they lost before the Austrian courts. The case was brought to the Human Rights Committee as case No. 803/1998, Althammer et al. v. Austria, and declared inadmissible by the Committee on 21 March 2002.

2.3 In July 1998 the Austrian Supreme Court ruled in two cases concerning bank employees that a retroactive modification of the rules for calculating the adjustment factors of retirement benefits was unlawful. Subsequently, on 2 November1998, the authors filed a lawsuit seeking a judgement that the 1994 amendment to the Regulations was unlawful and an order to the Salzburg Regional Social Insurance Board to pay retirement benefits accordingly. The District Court dismissed the authors' claim on 17 June 1999. The authors' appeal was dismissed by the Appeals Court (Oberlandesgericht Linz) on 19 January 2000. The Supreme Court (Oberster Gerichtshof) rejected a further request for revision on 20 September 2000. All domestic remedies are thus said to be exhausted.


3. Counsel refers to his arguments in case No. 803/1998 and claims that the authors' right to equality before the law has been violated.


4.1 By submission of 25 January 2002, the State party comments on the admissibility and merits of the communication. It notes that the facts and arguments advanced by counsel are the same as in case No. 803/1998. One of the authors of the present communication is said to be also an author in case No. 803/1998. The State party argues that in her specific case, the communication is inadmissible for violation of the principle ne bis in idem.

4.2 As to the merits of the communication, the State party refers to its observations in case No. 803/1998.


5.1 By letter of 3 March 2002, counsel comments on the State party's observations. In reaction to the State party's objection to the admissibility of the communication in respect of one of the authors, counsel notes that the present communication raises identical issues of facts and law as communication No. 803/1998 and that he would like the Committee to either join the two communications or to decide both of them on the same day. Counsel further explains that the particular author exhausted two sets of domestic procedures (one which cumulated in case No. 803/1998 and one which cumulated in the present case) which were both considered admissible by the domestic courts.

5.2 By letter of 25 March 2002, counsel informs the Committee that a committee of the First Section of the European Court of Human Rights has declared inadmissible the application of the original co-authors of the communication.


6.1 Before considering any claims contained in a communication, the Human Rights Committee must, in accordance with rule 87 of its rules of procedure, decide whether or not the communication is admissible under the Optional Protocol to the Covenant.

6.2 The Committee notes that the issues before it are identical to those in case No. 803/1998, which was declared inadmissible by the Committee on 21 March 2002. [FN2] In that decision, the Committee considered that the authors had failed to substantiate, for purposes of admissibility, that the change brought about in the computation of their pension rights was discriminatory or otherwise possibly fell within the ambit of article 26 of the Covenant. The Committee notes that the authors of the present communication rely entirely on the arguments forwarded in communication No. 803/1998. The present communication is thus likewise inadmissible under article 2 of the Optional Protocol.

[FN2] See paragraph 6.1 of the decision of the Human Rights Committee concerning the communication Nº 803/1998. CCPR/C/74/D/803/1998, of 21 March 2002.

7. The Committee therefore decides:

a) that the communication is inadmissible under article 2 of the Optional Protocol;
b) that this decision shall be communicated to the State party and to the author.


[Adopted in English, French and Spanish, the English text being the original version. Subsequently to be issued in Arabic, Chinese and Russian as part of the Committee's annual report to the General Assembly.]






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