32nd Session: Commissioner El Hassan
33rd Session: Commissioner El Hassan
SUMMARY OF FACTS
1. The complaint is submitted by Interights representing the Pan-African
Movement (PAM), the Legal Resources Consortium (LRC), the Legal Defence and
Aid Project (LEDAP) and Recontre Africaine pour la defense des droits de
l’homme(RADDHO) who filed the same on behalf of Professor Saadeddin Mohammed
Ibrahim, head of the Ibn Khaldun Centre for Development Studies (IKC) and 27
2. This complaint follows the trial and conviction by the Supreme Security
Court of the Respondent State in May 2001 of professor Saadeddin Ibrahim,
Director and Chair of the Board of Directors of the Ibn Khaldun Center for
Development Studies, who was also treassurer of Hay’at Da’am al-Nakhibat
(Association for the Support of Women Voters, known in Egypt as ‘Hoda
Association’), together with twenty-seven other persons. They were all
working either as permanent employees or project associates of the two
organisations and ten of them were tried in absentia.
3. The complainants allege that the accused were charged with deliberately
disseminating information abroad about the internal situation in the
Respondent State damaging its stature contrary to Article 80(d) of the Penal
Code, conspiring to bribe public officials to undermine the performance of
their duties contrary to Articles 40(2), 40(3), and 48 of the Penal Code,
receiving donations from the European Union (EU) without prior permission
from the competent authorities contrary to Articles 1(6) and 2(1) of
Military Order No. 4 of 1992, using deceptive methods to defraud the EU of
funds made available to the two organisations contrary to Article 336 (1) of
the Penal Code, and accepting and offering bribes and of forgery of official
documents contrary to Articles 103, 104, 107bis, 207, 211, and 214 of the
Penal Code. They were convicted and sentenced to several terms of
imprisonment ranging from seven years with hard labour to one year suspended
4. In the process of apprehending, trying and convicting the accused, the
Complainants allege that the Respondent State violated their pre-trial and
trial rights, freedom of expression, rights to appeal, and rights to
effective domestic remedies.
5. The Complainants allege violations of Articles 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7(1), 9(2),
13(1), 16(1) and (2) and 26 of the African Charter on Human and peoples
6. The Complaint was dated 4th October 2002 and received at the Secretariat
on 9th October 2002 by mail.
7. At its 32nd Ordinary Session held from 17th to 23rd October 2002 in
Banjul, The Gambia, the African Commission considered the complaint and
decided to be seized thereof.
8. On 4th November 2002, the Secretariat wrote to the complainant and
Respondent State to inform them of this decision and requested them to
forward their submissions on admissibility to the Secretariat before the
33rd Ordinary Session of the African Commission.
9. At its 33rd Ordinary Session held from 15th to 29th May 2003 in Niamey,
Niger, the African Commission heard the Complainant’s oral submissions on
the matter, during which the latter made an explicit oral request to the
African Commission to withdraw the Communication. The Complainant also
stated it will send its written request for the same soon.
FOR THE ABOVEMENTIONED REASON THE AFRICAN COMMISSION
Takes note of the withdrawal of the communication by the Complainant and
decides to close the file.
Done at the 33rd Ordinary Session held in Niamey, Niger, from 15th to 29th